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Chapter 4
Cayce’s Accuracy

The Brutal Bottom Line


This sample text originated from the first edition in 2000.  Changes and corrections were made to approximately half of all pages. To purchase this 2006 edition book in e-book (Open Document PDF format) or as a paperback or hardbound book, click on Cosmic Catalog.




I evaluated Cayce and his readings in every way I could conceive except for the medical and health material which is beyond my ability to assess. I read all of the biographies and biographical material on Cayce which I could find. I minutely examined several thousand of Cayce’s reading transcripts. I looked at several hundred of the reports, letters and testimonials which can be found on the Cayce/Davis CD. I read all of the professional third party studies of various aspects of Cayce’s life, work, and clairvoyant information which I could find. Not least, I cataloged thousands of Cayce’s statements and predictions and went to work evaluating them.

This chapter outlines all of my approaches to analyzing the Cayce phenomenon and summarizes my findings from these studies. My evaluation also draws together some of the findings of the work of others and these are summarized in this outline as well. The following chapters of the Trilogy systematically document every finding and citation which is presented in this chapter.

The evaluation unfolds on three levels in as much of a story form as the subjects and ideas permit. The first level is the Cayce phenomenon itself, who is he, what is the source and intent of the information, and how does it relate to history and us personally? The second level is the Cayce data itself, how accurate is it? The third level is the story Cayce’s data tells, what is it, how does it all fit together? Hence, the Trilogy.

The evaluation of the Cayce phenomenon is primarily done in Book One, though the final thoughts on the subject are not reached until the end of Book Three. The evaluation of the data is accomplished throughout Books Two and Three.

My evaluation uniquely contributes two dimensions to the collective study of Cayce’s work: the integrated story of the World Epic and the creation of a hard number for Cayce’s accuracy. I looked at the whole of Cayce’s work and attempted to comprehend the whole vision behind the thousands of statements Cayce made about the earth, the ancient past, and the future. From this study the outline of the "World Epic" emerged to serve as a mosaic into which I could fit each of Cayce’s statements about the past and the future. Book Three begins the process of demonstrating the evidence in many areas of study which supports and parallels the World Epic.

The most important tangible result of my evaluation is the creation of hard numbers for Cayce’s accuracy in making various kinds of precognitive or clairvoyant statements about objective events or phenomenon. No one has done so before now. It is only with these numbers, derived primarily from Cayce’s comments about impersonal history, that we can truly define how the rubber of Cayce’s data hits the road. This gives us a "confidence" rating for the likely accuracy of any particular prediction.

Here now follows the summary findings of my Quest.

Summary Findings

From the research and findings of thousands of people during the past 80 years with Cayce’s clairvoyant work, there is a clear consensus about the evidence of his accuracy in six principal areas:

1) The Fruit In The Readings For Cayce’s Life
(see Table 110)
  • no observable financial result; several personal project failures
  • national fame
  • large number of supporters who helped him survive
2) The Fruit In The Readings For Other Lives
(see Table 110)
  • thousands of personal testimonials
  • the widespread use and study of Cayce’s readings 50 years after his death is the most significant evidence
3) Validations By Professional Investigators
(see Table 111)
several: never debunked
4) The Consistency Of The Data (see Table 112)
  • very high – only a few minor inconsistencies have been found (less than a dozen out of 2500 life readings, mostly about dates)
5) The Power Of The Paradigm – The Ten Million Year Vision (see Table 112)
  • exceptionally fruitful, parallels all cultural, archeological, and geological facts
  • only two inconclusive scientific indications against part of it
  • scientists have verified well over a dozen of Cayce’s seemingly far-fetched statements about the world and its past; science is now "closer" to Cayce than it was 60 years ago.
6) The Objective Historical Predictions
(see Table 113)
  • average accuracy with 250 long term predictions and descriptions is 92%
  • geology and geophysics: for 25 predicted events, only 3 failed to occur

The results which many researchers have found in each of these areas of evaluation are outlined in Tables 110 through 113 below. Based on these findings, Table 100 (immediately below) presents the assignment of confidence which can be given various types of Cayce’s pending predictions and statements. An average confidence of 92% is assigned, with a 90% probability assigned for Cayce’s pole shift prediction and an 85% probability assigned for any specific Earth Change event which Cayce predicted would accompany the shifting of the poles.

It is doubtful whether any psychic in the 20th century has achieved an objective score even as high as 66%, thus an 80% score is a world history maker and a 90% score is an otherworldly phenomenon. It is Cayce’s verifiable accuracy in the political and economic world of the 20th century which provides the confidence to seriously examine what Cayce had to say about Atlantis, the prehistory of Egypt, and the coming shift in the poles. Such evidence clearly demonstrates that ignoring his predictions is not wise, even if one would prefer to do so.

This is by no means the final word on Cayce’s final objective score. There are 45 major predictions which are pending for the 21st Century and there are dozens of archeological clues in Cayce’s readings which may lead to discoveries which verify more of his statements.


Table 100: Confidence Ratings

For Pending



Overall confidence 92%
For Political Predictions 92%
For The Pole Shift Prediction approximately
comparative base is small, one unfilled prediction could substantially change the confidence score for the remaining predictions; but even so the outcome is definitely more probable than not
For any given Earth Change prediction connected with the pole shift approximately
For the Hall of Records Prophecy probably better
than 90%
no valid ground of comparison, probable within the overall confidence estimate
For Century 21 Prophecy probably better than 90% no valid ground of comparison, probable within the overall confidence estimate

1. The Fruit In The Readings For Cayce’s Life

In financial terms there was very little direct benefit in Cayce’s life. Cayce treated his psychic abilities as a hobby for ten years and then after that it he handled it primarily as a ministry of service.

During the first half of his adult life, his abilities collided with his militant fundamentalist xianity. Providing psychic information to others for a fee also collided head-on with the legalities of his bible-belt milieu. At all times he had to appear to be doing something other than fortune-telling or giving psychic advice. As a consequence, Cayce repressed his talent for a long time and when he used it, or allowed it to be used by others, he was very careful about how he gave his readings and the claims he made to avoid harassment by law enforcement agencies and religious groups. He veiled himself and the phenomenon in a variety of ways.

He militantly maintained an idealistic attitude of giving the readings only to help people. His first and only primary focus was giving readings to help people with their chronic or emergency health conditions. He refused to personally use his readings to take advantage, as in gambling, or in applying them directly to structure his own deals for his own financial results.

Cayce’s readings were almost entirely pulled out of him by others. "Other" people who could see the power of Cayce’s information shaped the structure and methods of the readings. "Others" always structured the deals or arrangements which were made for the focus and application of Cayce’s readings. As a consequence Cayce generally got the short end of the financial stick. So it was that he allowed a multi-million dollar fortune to be made from stock speculation with his tips, from which he personally received very little.

Despite his uncanny ability to tune into remote places, times, and events to provide stunning descriptions of the past, present, and future, Cayce demonstrated very poor personal business acumen in structuring business arrangements for the use of his readings. He wasted two years attempting to apply his talent to making big bucks finding oil. Others manipulated Cayce’s information and the situations Cayce was trying to work with, consistently leaving Cayce holding an empty bag, despite more than one lucrative find.

Cayce died at the end of WW II with very little money, but throughout his life he consistently found personal, social, and financial support from people who became his friends and life long associates. The last twenty years of his life worked mainly because of many such supporters.

2. The Fruit In The Readings For Other Lives

see Table 110

If one looks for the fruits of Cayce’s work in the lives of others one finds abundant evidence of Cayce’s clairvoyance. Cayce may have died poor in material terms but died extremely wealthy in the large number of friends who loved him.

Part of the evidence is the acceptance and spread of Cayce’s work. Despite his personal foibles and personal lack of business acumen, the effects of Cayce’s readings in the lives of others made him nationally famous. He only advertised once and then abandoned the idea. Yet his work became of interest to greater and greater numbers of people. By word of mouth, and some occasional newspaper publicity, Cayce’s abilities became widely known. His talent was eventually probed and/or used by some of the most famous names of his generation: Woodrew Wilson, Henry Wallace, Nikola Tesla, Thomas Edison, and many industrialists, bankers, doctors, and others.

What established his credibility was the ability, when completely detached from the subject and the outcome, to see places, times, things, and people. He could even see inside of people, to clinically describe their problems and suggest solutions. People acted on this information to get cures, improve their lives, and solve problems of all kinds. They told others of their experiences. More people got curious. More and more people asked more and more questions. Presidents and officials of the U.S. Government asked for briefings about matters of state. Entrepreneurs making multi-million deals sought his advice. Collectively their questions created the body of data which now reposes in the Cayce/Davis Collection.

From the very beginning, Cayce always came up with impressive validations from other people. People spontaneously generated first class testimonials, starting with a High School Principal whose daughter was cured by a Cayce reading. They came progressively from prominent business men in the deeply conservative old-boy Southern establishment, from a large number of doctors, from major publishers, and then from thousands of others. For forty years, testimonials were sent to Cayce affirming the usefulness of his readings on their questions about their health, business, career, and family concerns. People who worked with Cayce first-hand wrote books about their experiences with the readings, all adding personal validation of the information in various ways. This, just as Cayce wanted it, is the real validation of his clairvoyance.

These people were not all deluded. They cannot be simply dismissed as "believers". They got something of objective value. People thought so highly of this information, its beneficiaries donated substantial sums to maintain it and support an organization to work with it. Doctors incorporated it into their practice. Companies incorporated some of the ideas into their products.

The Cayce/Davis CD contains all of the letters of correspondence and ad-hoc testimonials which thousands of people sent to Cayce and his organization (A.R.E.) during his life and well after, even into the 1980’s. One of the most telling testimonials may be David Kahn’s, who commissioned a book "My Life With Edgar Cayce", in which he recounts his growing-up experiences and the blooming of his career under the personal face-to-face influence of Edgar Cayce. Kahn’s story is explored in Chapter 10.

For classical scientific methodology, the personal testimony seems to be anecdotal evidence, hence without "scientific validation". Without such validation, idiots can and do run around and claim, without examining Cayce’s work, without examining the depth and diversity of the validation, that the whole thing was an illusion. They often trot out some misquoted statement or prescription completely out of context to demonstrate how loony the readings were. Naturally, such idiots claim to be scientists but the truth is, Cayce was far more scientifically minded than his critics. He carefully went to considerable expense and care to carefully document his professional clairvoyant output so that real scientists would have real facts to study and analyze.

3. Validations By Professional Investigators

see Table 111

Many doctors studied scores of Cayce’s readings, beginning with Dr. Blackburn and Dr. Ketchum. They attested to his inexplicable ability to consistently deliver accurate results. These findings eventually persuaded doctors to work full time with him to organize his psychic hospital. Even though bankruptcy in the depression closed down the work of the hospital, other doctors, such as Dr. McGarey, continued the idea of professionally using the general concepts of treatment which appeared in Cayce’s readings. Dr. McGarey’s A.R.E. Clinic in Phoenix, Arizona still functions. His books on Cayce’s notions virtually created the "holistic health" field which is now growing into a mainstream medical practice.

Many of the country’s top scientists and academics examined Cayce personally. He gave almost all of them pause, none of them debunked him. Harmon Bro, as part of his doctorate thesis during World War II, dealt extensively with hundreds of Cayce’s health-oriented readings. He professionally concluded that the readings clearly demonstrated both pre-cognitive and clairvoyant powers. Bro was still of this opinion professionally some forty-five years later, when he wrote his book "The Life of a Seer" to tell his personal story of his encounter with Cayce and his final assessment, as a professional psychoanalyst, of the validity and exceptional accuracy of Cayce’s clairvoyance. Since Bro spent a good portion of his career examining many other purported psychics of the 1950’s and 1960’s, his final conclusions at the end of his career about Cayce’s accuracy is especially well qualified.

In addition to studying Cayce as a man and as a psychic, Harmon also sought to absorb, in his way, many tiles of the mosaic which he had garnered from the Cayce readings. He deals intelligently with the essence of the readings, what influenced them, the metaphors, the language, and the vision which peered out through them.

Both of Cayce’s sons wrestled with the issue of the scientific validation of Cayce’s clairvoyance. Some of Cayce’s successes and failures have been well documented by them and their findings have been published by A.R.E. Cayce has been more seriously and objectively criticized by his sons and A.R.E. than by any other investigator.

Edgar Evans Cayce, and his brother Hugh Lynn Cayce, concluded that, though perfect objectivity was impossible, the health readings appeared to be useful in about 85% of the cases, which he believed to be about as good as the average track records of physicians. They reached this conclusion from a survey of the health readings. This finding and others they published in a book they titled "The Outer Limits of Edgar Cayce’s Power".

Unfortunately, this 85% number is not useful for inferring confidence in Cayce’s historical predictions. The number is not backed up by an objective tally sheet of a clearly defined "sample population". The Cayce brothers relied primarily on a random sample of 150 testimonials or statements which people voluntarily sent to A.R.E. Among them they found 11 "negative" reports, 74 positive reports. Such a sample is obviously skewed, probably in favor of Cayce. Thus their sampling technique was fatally flawed in terms of truly objective science, yielding at best a "soft number". Nonetheless this 85% figure has some value. It was assigned by people who knew more about the outcomes of the various health readings than anyone else.

The Cayce brothers also concluded that 150 to 200 readings "didn’t work out". They tallied all of the failed readings which they had assembled from their study of Cayce’s predictions about business, history, and geology. They analyzed them to find out what went wrong. Most of what they found was trivial, a few inclusive technical errors in missing person cases, some inconsistent dates, and a couple of diagnoses given for dead people.

The largest group of readings which ‘did not work out" were the oil wildcat and treasure hunt readings, in both of which Edgar Cayce was personally involved in an effort to make quick bucks. The only conclusive finding they made about these readings, other than observing about the complexity of free will and the difficulty of accounting for the interpretation of the readings, was that the only demonstrated technical error in the oil readings was a dry hole called Saba. Efforts were made twice in the 1950’s to apply Cayce’s statements about Saba to strike oil. The geological layers came out as Cayce had described them, except that oil never flowed from the holes. Testimonials from other companies and drillers demonstrates that they all struck oil in other locations which Cayce predicted. But all of the ventures which were set up to elicit Cayce’s readings, somehow they all failed. Later, strangely enough, other companies managed to profit on the locations mentioned by Cayce’s readings, all except the Saba location.

William Hutton (a pseudonym for a professional geologist who also wrote under the pen name of "The Geologist" ), evaluated Cayce’s geological predictions and comments about the paleohistory of the Earth over a 45 year period. In "Coming Earth Changes" Hutton concluded in 1995 that many of Cayce Earth Change predictions came true and that his descriptions of paleohistory are consistent with geological facts. Hutton also concludes that both the "Atlantis" and "pole shift" stories cannot be scientifically discounted, rather it seems that scientific data and theories are more supportive of these stories today than 60 years ago. "The Prophecies" discusses Hutton’s findings in great detail, along with many other sources of data.

4. The Consistency Of The Data

see Table 112

Hugh Lynn Cayce, Harmon Bro, and William Hutton all studied the internal consistency of Cayce’s readings as well as the external consistency of the content with other subjects. They all reported finding a very high degree of internal consistency. After 4 years of assembling a master mosaic of Cayce’s stories and predictions, the Quest reports the same finding.

Truly remarkable is the consistency of the intertwined stories of the past given in bits and pieces in 2500 life readings given for some 1200 individuals over nearly 25 years. Most of these readings provide a short sketch of about 4 or 5 incarnations for each person, sometimes more. Generally each past life is described in one to two paragraphs. Occasionally an individual would ask for a follow up reading to ask questions about one or more of those past lives. By integrating all of the paragraphs from several hundred readings about Egypt, or about a certain epoch in Atlantis, the plot line of a story about the ancient past can be easily synthesized. Collectively these stories were woven into the story of the World Epic.

Cayce’s stories all match, almost all his paragraph "tiles" interleave together perfectly. This consistency can be seen in the readings which contain information about past lives in Egypt. (see "The Prophecies" or "The Hall of Records"). The lives of several dozen people connect within the plot line, each adding details to make a consistent story about ancient Egypt. Out of hundreds of paragraphs drawn from several dozen readings given over a 20 year period, there are only three inconsistent dates and one badly garbled fragmentary reading which partially contradicts two others. The date errors are trivial and the garbled fragment may be simply the case of the stenographer having a bad day with her notes and failing to get some very obscure names straight.

Cayce either had a near photographic memory of everything he said to avoid inconsistency over the 20 year period of time, with time off for a few bad days, or he was doing exactly what he said he was doing: reading records of the past. If Cayce was a creative liar with a photographic memory, he was so good he could have just written science fiction and tall tales and made a bundle..

The greatest problem with consistency is not in the readings but the interpretations which are made of Cayce’s statements. Sometimes the words Cayce uses are somewhat different, creating different slants or perspectives, sometimes confusing the reader about just what he is talking about in any given instance. The further back in time he got, the vaguer the descriptions got. A few descriptions of events some 100,000 – 10,000,000 years ago were given, but generally these are very difficult to understand. They seem to function partly like Rorschach blots, calling forth fantasy projections from the minds of the readers.

From the disjointed nature of the descriptions, spread out in thousands of readings, expressed in somewhat different ways in different words, some times with considerable vagueness, it is not surprising that different interpretations of portions of Cayce’s stories have emerged, nor is it surprising that these interpretations sometimes contradict each other. But if these inconsistent interpretations are traced back directly to Cayce’s words, it is virtually impossible to find actual inconsistency in Cayce’s descriptions. Hence, the primary weakness of some portions of Cayce’s data lies simply in its lack of clarity.

Cayce’s metaphysical information and religious commentary is also internally consistent. Some of the most important predictions Cayce made are couched within the framework of these metaphysical and religious beliefs, which makes it difficult to understand them without understanding the metaphysics.

The metaphysical content in the readings is generally consistent with concepts which are common to Hermetic, Egyptian, Hindu, Buddhist, Theosophical, and Mystery Schools sources. There is not really anything in the readings which is new or different. But Cayce’s "occult" concepts (astrology and numerology especially) deviate substantially from popularized occult notions and practices. Cayce’s comments are generally unsupportive of the "fortune-telling" activities to which these old traditions are often put. The readings teach looking for "synchronicity", not determinants nor destined outcomes.

The religious concepts which are expressed in the readings deviate substantially from the traditional xianity Cayce originally believed in and thought he was serving. In fact, they confront and then collide head-on with it. The readings parallel an egypto-hermetic gnosticism which is radically focused on applying the Golden Rule. They are unsupportive of religious organization around a set of fixed beliefs, which makes Cayce’s flavor of Christianity radically different than Latin "Christianity" (Imperial Roman State Religion) and the Euro sects of Protestantism. This simple fact is highly suggestive of a genuine clairvoyant source of information for the readings. They clearly were not a simple projection of Cayce’s preferred religious beliefs.

5. The Power Of The Paradigm
           – The Ten Million Year Vision

see Table 112)

Cayce’s stories of Atlantis, the founding of Egypt, and the paleohistory of the Earth describe a World Epic which is highly interesting yet nearly impossible to directly prove. In this area of knowledge, it is extremely rare for any particular item of evidence to directly prove a concept like "the empire of Atlantis". Generally, the most that can be said is that a certain item of evidence is consistent (parallels) or is inconsistent with such a concept. Thus it is more useful to record any such evidence which is consistent with Cayce’s claims about Atlantis or ancient Egypt (and other areas) to be "parallels", rather than discussing them as "proofs" or as direct verifications of Cayce’s clairvoyance.

How well does Cayce’s paradigm parallel the available evidence? There is a "global" truth which cuts to the chase. The Cayce "World Epic" paradigm is the only paradigm which is still valid, in fact, has greater demonstrated validity than it had when first given. None of Cayce's statements about the past have been proven false. During the past 60 years, as objective science probes in these areas about which Cayce made hundreds of statements, more and more of Cayce’s statements are demonstrated to parallel more and more empirical facts. The paradigm now has countless parallels in archeological, anthropological, and geological evidence.

In other words, the Cayce paradigm works like the Energizer Bunny. It keeps on working decade after decade, getting better with age. By comparison, nearly all other creators of speculative paradigms have failed, typically flat on their face within 20 years, unless they wrote within a self-contained, non-objective universe of ideas.

In "Atlantis Revisited", Edgar Evans Cayce and two co-authors review a wide range of scientific data which parallels various aspects of Cayce’s Atlantis and Egypt. "The Prophecies" analyzes and summarizes a few major parallels between Cayce’s stories with the ancient memories of many cultures and the geological records of catastrophic change.

There is some inconclusive controversy about two items, the geology of Atlantis (which some Earth scientists say does not fit the Earth model of plate tectonics) and the issue of the origin and date of the construction of the Great Pyramid (which some people believe is proven to be Khufu's on the basis of carbon dating and so-called "quarry marks" on certain stones). But these so-called items of evidence are highly debatable and have failed to provide any decisive knowledge. The "geological objection" to Atlantis is ignorant of any real understanding of geophysics and the geological evidence under the Atlantic Ocean. And the evidence which purports to date the Great Pyramid at roughly 3000 BC is probably not valid (see "The Prophecies"). Reasonable people can always reasonably disagree and the preceding sentence will probably generate more criticism for the Trilogy of the Phoenix than all of the others. The really important point is that other than these two issues, the objective portion of the Cayce paradigm is entirely free of disputation with any empirical data or claim.

6. The Objective Historical Predictions

see Table 113

It is very difficult to exactly gauge Cayce's reliability from this personal health information, personal life guidance, and various career and business tips so long after his death. Despite the fact that they constitute the overwhelming bulk of the content of the readings and are the primary reason why he became famous, it is impossible to come up with hard numbers for the health and guidance readings.

Fortunately, the readings provide an amply supply of predictions which can be objectively analyzed. Cayce made several hundred predictions about economic trends, science and technology, business affairs, politics, international affairs, geology and Earth events, weather, stock, and similar areas. Not all of them are specific enough to objectively rate using the criteria of hard physical science, but at least 300 are.

Prior to the Phoenix Trilogy, no effort has been made to turn Cayce objective predictions into an objective score. Some topical areas had been professionally explored, such as in geology by Hutton and in the paleohistory of Atlantis by Edgar Evans Cayce et al, but neither of these efforts were focused on establishing a hard score for Cayce’s statements.

More typically Cayce’s objective predictions are handled in an opportunistic, careless way, in the manner used by Jess Stearn. They are quoted endlessly in a lot of "by-gosh" and "by-golly" presentation which fails to establish Cayce’s true credibility. And, like Jess Stearn, many writers end up distorting what Cayce actually said.

Book Two and Book Three of the Phoenix Trilogy presents a rigorous examination of Cayce’s objective predictions and statements about impersonal events and circumstances in politics, economics, ancient history, and the earth. Based on three years of research, using the demanding criteria of hard physical science, Cayce’s average accuracy for all types of long-term predictions and clairvoyant comments was found to be 92%. Table 113 summarizes additional findings about the several hundred Cayce statements which are documented in Books Two and Three of the Trilogy.

There is NO POSSIBILITY that any method of analysis or material human consciousness resident on the surface of the Earth could accomplish such a feat with the hundreds of topically diverse predictions which Cayce made. The only possible explanation lies in a psychic faculty in the mind which gives the power of clairvoyance (remote observation) and precognition (ability to perceive future events).

The Copy Cat Issue

One of the main issues about the power of the Cayce paradigm which bothered me for a considerable time, which partly lead to my excessive searching and information overload, was the issue of "borrowing". Except for his "cures" for health problems, which stand in a class by themselves, there was very little substantively about the past which Cayce mentioned that had not been mentioned elsewhere in various historical, occult, secret society, or religious sources. His details colored the specifics of the topics and these details seem original, but the basic ideas themselves could all have been borrowed. This was true about Atlantis, the timing of the origin of the human species, the notion of pole shifts, his numerology and astrology (though his astrology is truly peculiar and has little relationship with the fortune-telling astrology which is currently practiced), the life of Y'shua, his statements about the "spiritual plane", his metaphysics, and so on.

His "Atlantis" could have been borrowed from Plato, with which he is decently consistent. His numerology and cosmic astrology could be straight out of the hermetic texts. His "spiritual plane" peopled with souls seeking reincarnation and with sages and angels offering guidance could have come from the Theosophists. And so on. In other words, out of the rich milieu of speculative science and spiritualist literature of the 19th and early 20th centuries, peopled with thick offerings from many mediums and writers such as Blavatsky, Mary Baker, Alice Bailey, Rudolf Steiner, Ledbetter, and many others in speculative science, Cayce could have consciously borrowed all of the concepts, boiled them down into simple ideas easier to digest and then embroidered them with his own detail.

Cayce's friends, family, and associates all claim that he did not read such material, did not possess a technical grasp of the science of the world, and cite that he did not go to school past the ninth grade. A.R.E. makes a strong point of this, as if to argue for Cayce's clairvoyant talent. But none of such testimony remotely convinces me. An authentic, itinerant genius, even if unschooled, can virtually teach himself anything in a short period of time and this statement is an empirical claim. Science does not understand such genius, but science does understand that such genius exists, on the testimony and example of many of the major creators of 20th century science. The truth is, before his friends, family, and associates knew him, Cayce worked in a bookstore as a very young man for several years, that magic time of youth when the seeking mind can absorb so much so quickly with so little effort. And Cayce did claim that he had a photographic mind, later using that ability as a walking, talking catalog of office supplies. I think, frankly, Cayce was considerably schooled, even if just by self at the sales desk of a small town bookstore where more than likely he had considerable moments of slack.

So I considered the issue of borrowing to be a significant issue. In other words, Cayce is consistent which both a lot of facts and with a lot of myths, legends, and speculative associations about the past and the nature of the universe, as well as a lot of the central truths in various religious movements. The issue is, is he just consistent with what he borrowed, or is he independently creating and relaying information which as a matter of fact happens to be consistent with what some other people are claiming or have found out?

There is no way to answer this question point by point, item by item. It would seem that the continuing power of the paradigm provides the best answer. Out of the hundreds of speculative ideas and claims which were floating around in Cayce’s time from which he could have chosen to "borrow", Cayce talked only about those which have gained greater validity and a greater correlation with a growing predominance of evidence.

Where correlations have been proven, some of these were not even guessed at and proven scientifically until after Cayce's death. Hence, he definitely was doing something else besides "borrowing". For instance, a reading claimed that more gold would be discovered lying on the ocean floor than had ever been mined by humans. In the 1970’s oceanographers discovered that "manganese modules" lay on almost all of the bottoms of the world’s oceans. "Manganese" is a misnomer. The nodules, ranging in size from a golf ball to a grapefruit, actually contain over a dozen metals, including a fair amount of gold. Collectively, there is more gold there than has ever been mined on the surface.

A reading also correctly described the Essene community, which was not known until the discovery of the dead sea scrolls in the late 1940’s. Other readings stated that the "Book of the Dead" was constructed on the basis of astronomical and numerological ideas. Beginning in the 1960’s, archeo-astronomy has clearly proven through the work of Jane Sellers and others that the Egyptian religion is primarily structured to describe the night sky.

Apparently no archeologist has yet examined the numerology of the "Book of the Dead", but it is easy to observe the numerology at work by looking at the pictorial vignettes. All artistic symbolism in Egypt is consistently conveyed within a rigid structure of numbers. The numbers themselves are most likely the prime metaphysical concepts of the Egyptians : the one root god, the two neters, the three pyramids, the four gates/directions/elements of the world, the seven/sage/messenger baboons, the nine gods, and so on (don’t ask archeologists, they are totally oblivious to this). This I found easy to see once I decided to take Cayce’s statement seriously, and so can anyone easily see it in the pictorial vignettes painted or carved on any wall in Egypt.

And of course there is the famous date which a reading gave for the Great Pyramid (completed 10,390 BC). Another readings also told us that this monument was laid out in correspondence with astronomical relationships. In the 1990’s, Bauval and Hancock without doubt proved that this date (they use 10,400-10,500 BC) is expressed in the orientation of the monuments at Rostau. Until then, nobody knew this, not even occult sources, unless it was very secret indeed.

In the face of these types of hits and Cayce’s overall performance, eventually the copy cat issue just fades away.

Fads, Fallacies, and Flimflam In Criticism of Cayce

There are a few sources of criticism of Cayce and his work, but none of this criticism is on scientific or historical ground, hence it is not worthwhile. The criticism which has been leveled is primarily ideological, based on the premise that "it just isn’t so". Rather than scientifically explore the facts, rabid materialists simply use rhetoric and the psychology of bigotry to make anything "psychic" or "clairvoyant" appear to be just the crazy delusions of "believers" who cannot cope with reality. A careful examination of their criticism will find few real facts, mostly just clever rhetoric which grossly distorts the facts within an obvious style of "race-baiting" bigotry.

James Randi is one of the most well known of these flimflam artists. He wrote "Flimflam" (Prometheus Books, 1982) to debunk everything psychic. The book lives up to its title. Here are some of his critical comments about Cayce from Chapter 9 of his book:

...At his death he left accounts of about 30,000 psychic medical readings and "life readings"...

Wrong. He left exactly 14,246 readings. This simple, easy to verify factual error should alert you to the possibility that the critic has not examined the Cayce material, doesn’t know anything about it, and is simply giving a dogmatic "it can’t be true" response using plausible sounding arguments.

... easily explained by quite ordinary ways of knowing things, so too can Cayce's `knowledge'. Even though Cayce didn't have a formal education much beyond grammar school, he was a voracious reader, especially of occult literature and of osteopathy, and was in contact with many people...

False. There are a great many objective historical statements in Cayce’s readings which were completely unknowable or unpredictable by any other method than clairvoyant precognition. Cayce never read osteopathy. How much occult literature he read is unknown. As a very conservative, bible-belt xian, he was adverse to it until sometime in the period 1919-1923 and no one in his family, when asked, could recall afterwards him reading such material. His son, Hugh Lynn Cayce, claims there were no books on any aspect of the occult in the sparse Cayce library until he began to study the field in the 1930’s, independently of his father, to determine the validity of the metaphysical material in his father’s readings. In short, we simply don’t know about what Edgar Cayce read on the topic of the occult. I would really like to know and I really tried to find out but could not find anything of fact. The only fact here is that we have a very ignorant critic here who is "inventing" premises to lead you to a pseudo-scientific conclusion.

The woman was suffering from tuberculosis...The fact that Cayce mentions the lung is taken by his followers as evidence of a correct diagnostic; it counts as a psychic "hit". But what about the incorrect diagnoses: dorsals, lumbar, floating lesions, solar plexus and stomach? Why aren't those counted as diagnostic misses? And why did Cayce recommend osteopathic treatment for people with tuberculosis, epilepsy and cancer?

Good questions. Cayce usually gave complete readings of the physical condition of the entire body at the exact time of the reading. He gave "systems" solutions as well as "symptom" or "disease" specific solutions, all during the same reading to spot light any and all weaknesses. While discussing cancer and how to stop it, he was also likely to diagnose your runny nose and provide a prescription for it as well for the cancer.

In addition to osteopathy, Cayce was knowledgeable of homeopathy and naturopathy. Here are a few of the remedies for ailments recommended by Cayce: "Oil of smoke" for a leg sore; "peach-tree poultice" for convulsions; "bedbug juice" for dropsy; and fumes of apple brandy from a charred keg for tuberculosis. I wonder if any of Cayce's followers have tried his remedy for hemorrhoids.

Here the critic is doing the same thing that race-baiters and bigots ALWAYS do to outcast people. He is using preposterous sounding labels to turn the object, Cayce’s readings, into something grotesquely ridiculous. The truth is, Cayce knew very little about these subjects. His readings gave cures he personally was scared to death about. He was extremely nervous about personal liability for the first twenty years and insisted that doctors should be involved in evaluating and experimentally trying his prescriptions. Each prescription he gave was specific to a specific individual, he almost never gave universal "cures" as such, although in a few, very few instances, Cayce’s readings suggested that a certain therapeutic device had wide applicability. It took Cayce over ten years and over a thousand readings to conclude that the readings actually did consistently help people without exposing them to harm. During that time, the readings were a personal pain in the ass for him, caused considerable social problems for him, and he never realized a dime from them. Obviously, he had other motivations...like...they helped people with severe problems in an era when medicine was still primitive and unable to do much for a large number of conditions. Modern day medicine now looks at seaweed, tree bark, toad skins, and other seemingly strange places to find powerful biochemicals for treating diseases. In that light, who should laugh at charred oak kegs?

The fact is that thousands of people consider themselves cured by Cayce and that's enough evidence for true believers. It works! The fact that thousands don't consider themselves cured or can't rationalize an erroneous diagnosis won't deter the true believer.

The readings were not given to be universally valid solutions for a typical condition. Trying to find your solution in some one else’s reading from 1925 is not necessarily going to work. Any generalization based on attempting to universalize the prescription is false, UNLESS proven otherwise by universal experience.

Gardner notes that Dr. J.B. Rhine, famous for his ESP experiments at Duke University, was not impressed with Cayce. Rhine felt that a psychic reading done for his daughter didn't fit the facts.

False. Rhine never examined Cayce. Any such statements attributed to Rhine about Cayce are false. Rhine’s associates wanted Cayce to do laboratory card games. Cayce refused, that is not what he did. He did unconscious readings. On the basis of a meeting with Cayce in 1936, Dr. Rhine’s research associate, Dr. Lucien Warner visited Virginia Beach to spend a day. Dr. Bro reported, based on an interview with Dr. Warner, that Warner was so impressed with his own personal reading that he spent an entire week in Virginia Beach obtaining readings for his entire family.

Defenders of Cayce claim that if a patient has any doubts about Cayce the diagnosis won't be a good one. Yet, what reasonable person wouldn't have doubts about such a man, no matter how kind or sincere he was?

Everyone doubted Cayce at first, most especially Cayce. This attribution of what "defenders of Cayce" say is another purely invented fabrication. Cayce gave solutions which depended upon, and only upon, proper application. Belief had nothing to do with it. However Cayce did often preach that calling upon faith in the power of God to heal would also help. There is probably not a Doctor on the planet who would deny the value of positive attitude and belief in self-healing to help people recover faster.

Cayce's defenders provide some classic ad hoc hypotheses to explain away their hero's failures. For example, when Cayce and a famous dowser named Henry Gross set out together to discover buried treasure along the seashore and found nothing...

True and False. It is true that Cayce’s clairvoyance failed to find buried treasure in both Florida and Bimini. But nobody I have read on the subject of Cayce, and I have read a lot of material, attempts to rationalize this failure. Hugh Lynn Cayce, his son, always said simply that not all readings worked out. He and his brother, Edgar, were quite out front in reporting that there were about 200 readings which were screwy. In fact, this critic got his data directly from the Cayces.

The ammunition he uses all comes from A.R.E.’s assiduous documentation. He uses it without studying Cayce’s obvious successes and the actual experience of thousands of people. He wallows around in the 200 some readings which A.R.E. has documented to have been flawed, making it sound as if he had hit pay dirt in exposing a delusion.

Nobody, least of all Cayce, ever claimed that his readings were 100% accurate. This statement has been widely published in nearly every book about Cayce.

By now it is easy to see in the phraseology of this critic that the true purpose of the criticism is not to offer knowledge about Cayce’s abilities but to tar people who study Cayce’s work with purely invented statements about what such people believe, the ultimate object of which is to paint them in a ridiculous-looking posture. This is the same, and exactly the same mechanism which bigots have used throughout history. What especially irks me about this Randi and some of his flimflam fellow travelers is that they actually get paid to write their drivel.

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Table 110: Summary Of Findings In People’s Lives

CH= Chapter in the Trilogy which documents the findings


Ground of Evaluation


Objective Findings

Brutal Conclusion


Cayce’s Personal Life      
  Cayce’s Family Life


anecdotal evidence of some psychic abilities such as telepathy, precognition, past life recall, clairvoyance of unknown dimensions many credible witnesses of all forms of clairvoyance;
  Cayce’s Professional/Economic Life


many economic failures and inappropriate efforts no evidence of clairvoyant abilities


Effects On Other Lives      
  Health Readings for several thousand individuals   anecdotal evidence of extraordinary psychic ability by thousands of witnesses;

hundreds of books based on Cayce’s health readings; successful medical clinic operating in Phoenix, Arizona using notions and methods cleaned from the Cayce readings.

demonstrated clairvoyance

a few demonstrated errors

impossible to rigorously evaluate entirely, impossible to quantify.

  Guidance & Life Readings For people   many credible witnesses; hundreds of active supporters; large donations made to preserve his work; thousands of letters about positive applications and outcomes of the readings: anecdotal evidence about some clairvoyant abilities; objective data in some readings supports claim of clairvoyance and precognition; impossible to quantify.
  Business professionals and major corporate officials, including accountants, publishers, bankers, manufacturers, traders, and stockbrokers


several had large numbers of readings; many, after initial readings, continued to support A.R.E. throughout their lives; demonstrated precognition;

substantial objective historical data proves high accuracy in precognition

  David E. Kahn – 254 readings

see "Book Two: The Great Break-Up"


testimony: "never wrong",
made millions using Cayce’s readings
credible witness of clairvoyance and extraordinary precognition; Kahn exaggerated but not by much; quantified
  The Blumenthal Brothers – 600 readings

see "Book Two: The Great Break-Up"


made millions on the stock market while receiving readings on a weekly, sometimes daily basis demonstrated precognition;
substantial objective historical data proves high accuracy in precognition; quantified



Table 111: Summary Of Findings In Third Party Evaluations

CH= Chapter in the Trilogy which documents the findings

3 Third Party Evaluations CH

Objective Findings

Brutal Conclusion

   Al Layne
7 His success with a few hundred readings launched Cayce to fame compelling anecdotal evidence; continued readings from Cayce as long as he would give them
Dr. Blackburn & the medical college
7 extraordinary clairvoyance in several dozen readings compelling anecdotal evidence; continued readings from Cayce as long as he would give them
Dr. Ketchum
7 extraordinary clairvoyance in some 150 readings compelling anecdotal evidence; continued readings from Cayce as long as he would give them
Visits by Scientists (1904-1912):

Tesla, Edison, Munsterberg and others

7 nothing published never debunked by credible investigators
Dr. Lucien Warner, parapsychology investigator; research associate of JB Rhine (1936) 7 interviewed by Bro - sufficiently impressed on the basis of one reading to obtain readings for his entire family did not debunk Cayce
Harmon Bro’s study:

"A Seer Out of Season"

5 compelling accuracy

clearly clairvoyant

credible scientist concurs in extraordinary psychic abilities; personal report from his eye witness involvement with several hundred readings
"The Outer Limits Of Edgar Cayce’s Power", a study by Cayce’s sons, Edgar Evans and Hugh Lynn survey of an estimated 85% accuracy for the health readings self-interested claim; difficult to assess;

skewed sample, using only feedback letters which had been sent to A.R.E.

  The Outer Limits Of Edgar Cayce’s Power some date and other errors;

"readings which did not work out" (the oil wildcats, the treasure hunt fiasco’s);

some strange readings including two cases of "prescriptions" given for people who had died by the time the readings were given

some 200 flawed readings out of 14,246
Mandeville computation for the 200 flawed readings found by Cayce’s sons Inferred error rate of clairvoyance inferred 1.4039% error rate;
this is a minimal figure, the empirically proven error rate is higher.
William Hutton - The Geologist
"Coming Earth Changes"
& see
"Book Three: The Prophecies"
32 many geological predictions were fulfilled; Cayce pole shift concepts are now more in accord with geological evidence and theories than 60 years ago clear evidence of precognition of future events and clairvoyance of past events
James Randi
purportedly debunks the illusion of Cayce’s clairvoyance by offering rhetorical questions and arguments based on ad-hoc false assertions disguised as facts. bigoted materialist with metaphysical agenda; badly misinformed;

rhetorical, slight-of-mind analysis masquerading as science

Jess Stearn’s review in 1967
"Sleeping Prophet"

(all subsequent work by Jess Stearn on Cayce is factually worthless)

5 claims near 100% accuracy in Cayce’s predictions no objective tally;
subjective estimate;
journalistic style claim;
inaccurate literary fictions


Table 112: Summary Of Findings In Cayce’s Information

CH= Chapter in the Trilogy which documents the findings


The Information


Objective Findings

Brutal Conclusion


Hugh Lynn Cayce – lifelong study

  highly consistent some inconsistent dates
  Consistency: Mandeville mosaic study for the trilogy of the Phoenix and "The Hall of Records".   3 inconsistent dates prior to 1000 BC;

one fragmentary, inconsistent story;

a few probable misspellings and transcription errors;

quality of the grammar and descriptions seem directly proportional to distance in "time" and "philosophical or technological sophistication"

this error rate is consistent with inferred 1.4039% error rate
  Past Live Readings   has stimulated strong, growing interest in the concept of reincarnation and the practice of giving past life readings by thousands of self-proclaimed "psychics" impossible to directly and objectively verify;

indirect but inconclusive support through archeological research is possible

  Metaphysical principles & information 14 generally consistent with Hermetic concepts and Mystery Schools; the information deviates substantially from the traditional xianity Cayce originally believed in and thought he was serving; "occult" concepts deviate substantially from popularized occult notions and practices impossible to objectively verify; the material could have been sourced from available books and literature
  "Christianity" of the readings 16 basic concepts for applying the golden rule;

unsupportive of religious organization around a set of fixed beliefs

radically different than the "Christianity" of the Euro peoples


Power Of The Paradigm   During the past 60 years, as objective science probes in the areas about which Cayce made statements, more of Cayce’s statements are demonstrated to be correct; so far, two and only two inconclusive technical contra-indications:

the date of the Great Pyramid and the geological difficulty in explaining a sunken Atlantis

many obvious demonstrations of clairvoyance about the distant past; 2 inclusive contra-indications; the paradigm can be proven or disproven decisively with the opening of the Hall of Records
  Edgar Evans Cayce et al

"Atlantis Revisited"

34 readings on Atlantis are consistent;

many parallels can be found with geological and cultural data

supports paradigm
  Story of Atlantis 35 strong cultural parallels throughout the world on all continents supports paradigm
  Story of Egypt 35 cultural parallels appear in Egyptian records, stories, and religious documents supports paradigm
  Story of Phoenix Four

(Pole Shift 10,500 BC)

32 strong cultural parallels in ancient memories

strong geological evidence

pole shift and clairvoyance proven by geological data



Table 113 Summary Of Findings In Cayce’s Objective Predictions

CH= Chapter in the Trilogy which documents the findings

6 Objective Historical Predictions


Objective Findings

Brutal Conclusion

  Average Accuracy for long-range precognition and clairvoyance



exceptional precognition proven; clairvoyance proven; there is NO POSSIBILITY that any method of analysis or material human consciousness resident on the surface of the Earth could accomplish such a feat with the hundreds of topically diverse predictions which Cayce made.
  Ups & Downs of the Dow Jones Averages from 1924-1944  


definitely precognitive
  Stock Predictions for the Blumenthal Brothers



short term speculations of individual stocks under three months.; very inconsistent results depending upon the stock
  Stock Predictions for David E. Kahn
short term speculative picks



short term speculations of individual stocks under three months.; very inconsistent results depending upon the stock
  Stock Predictions for David E. Kahn
long term investment picks



long range general advice based on industry and over-all performance of the stock market
  Economic Predictions



definitely precognitive
  All Political Predictions



definitely precognitive
  Cold War Era Political Predictions



definitely precognitive; two errors related to China; most comments were warnings thus the number of qualified predictions is small
  Technology & Science Predictions



clearly visionary, definitely precognitive
  Geological Predictions



definitely precognitive
  Possible Quibble Factor  

less than 5%

a few of the long-term historical predictions have not been fulfilled and have been catalogued as "long-term pending"; there are some predictions which require considerable judgement to interpret, different viewpoints could honestly come to different conclusions about some of these predictions


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